history

How Mumbai Has Made: Part 2

Mumbai

In the last part, we got to know about The history of Mumbai and in this part 2 of the story, we will know about how Mumbai took its shape. So, let’s get started.

East India Company gradually started connecting all seven Islands and the biggest problem faced by East India company after connecting these islands was various kinds of diseases spreading in these islands. But eventually, they controlled the spread of diseases Back then East India company was situated in Surat but later in 1687 East India Company shifted its Headquarters to Mumbai.

Seven islands
Source: Wikipedia (land reclaimation)

Back then Mumbai was called Bombay province. After the shifting of East India Company to Mumbai economic activities started happening in Mumbai. Because of which Population also started growing very fast here and if the population grows the demand for more land also grows. Government and private companies need land to open their factories and offices here. And to fulfill this heavy demand of land the British government decided to connect this island with a method called land reclamation.

British rule
source: British Library Board(East india company)

In 1708 a causeway was built between Mahim and Sion. In 1772 to tackle the problem of heavy flooding in central Mumbai, Mahalaxmi, and Worli island were connected. In history, this event is known as the oldest illegal construction and William Hornby the Governor of Mumbai was accused of this illegal construction.

After spending 1 Lakh rupees William Hornby did this construction. He already sent the letter for approval of the construction of this causeway to Britain. He was assured that his project will be approved by the British government. That is why
he started the construction without waiting for approval. Later his proposal was rejected by Britain and the letter of rejection arrived after 1 year. By that time construction of the causeway was already completed. Hornby already named this causeway as Hornby Vellard, It connects Dongri, Malabar Hills, and Worli. Later Hornby lost his job for violation of British Gov. orders.

The water between these islands was very shallow so the British Government decided to start land reclamation and shape the geography of Mumbai as you see
today. Marshy lands were filled with soil and mountains were flattened out. All the shallow areas of the sea were filled with stones and soil. This project is known as
Hornby Vellard project. Completion of this project took more than 150 years and it completed in 1845. The shape Mumbai got is the Mumbai you see today.

Mummbai
Satellite view of Mumbai ( Mumbai you see now)

Before the end of the 19th century, all these islands were completely connected. In 1853 the first railway line of Asia was constructed in Mumbai and after the
completion of the Suez canal, the Mumbai port became the major port in the Arabian sea. Until the end of the 19th century, Mumbai had already taken shape of a beautiful megacity. In 1995 Bombay’s name changed to Mumbai. Today Mumbai is the Financial capital of India.

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